November 27, 2022

A wall that divides, a wall that unites: Erasmus+ in Berlin talking about history, values and Europe

With the end of the Second World War and with a weakened and destroyed Europe, there was a geopolitical reorganization as a result of the alignments of the States during the conflict in which the two great world powers that had played a fundamental role during the war predominated: U.S.A. and Soviet Union.

Europe was literally divided in two: on the one hand the Western nations close to the USA and on the other the Eastern nations faithful to the principles of Soviet communism.

Thus began the period of the Cold War, which had to ensure peace and democratic leadership after the atrocious Nazi dictatorship and after a war that had caused over 40 million deaths.

The adjective “cold” derives from the fact that it was absolutely impossible to start a real war to resolve the conflicts that emerged immediately after 1945 between the two superpowers who disagreed on the redefinition of European borders and both had ambitions of control over several territories, but they fought with the weapons of propaganda, economics, politics.

One of the symbols of this historical period was precisely Germany, a defeated nation that was divided, without the possibility of exchanges or relations, into two parts: West Germany or American/West German Federal Republic and East Germany or Soviet/Eastern German Democratic Republic. The capital itself was divided into two parts, East Berlin and West Berlin, and a wall was even built in the city in 1961, an emblem of this separation: the most famous wall in the world was about 4 meters high and made up of about 160 km of reinforced concrete. that cut in two everything they found along the way, not only geographical borders but also roads, territories, rivers, houses, families, neighborhoods.

This situation went on for almost 30 years until November 9, 1989, the historic date of the fall of the Berlin Wall, which was the symbol of the end of the Cold War throughout Europe: that day thousands of German citizens showed up with sticks and picks to demolish that barrier that for decades had negatively marked their lives. After less than a year, on October 3, 1990, Germany reunified and returned to being a single nation: from that moment on, history changed, that geopolitical system set up in 1945 and the division of Europe into two blocks was about to be permanently cleared.

What remains of the wall today has been covered with many colorful murals made in 1990 by over 100 artists from about 20 countries and can be visited in different points of the city of Berlin: do you recall the famous kiss between the leader of the Soviet Union Brezhnev and East German President Honecker as a fraternal greeting in an official ceremony by Russian artist Vrubel in 1990?

That is one of the murals that students and teachers from all over Europe can see thanks to mobility projects, such us Erasmus+, welcomed and accompanied by the staff of our Berlink training agency based in Berlin.

So the city that for years was divided by the wall is now united by the same wall, whose representations have now become just nice souvenirs and a must-see for students and teachers who want to take home a small piece of a long history, the history of a Europe capable of uniting and rebuilding itself on the ruins of a terrible war and returning to life thanks to the strength of its principles and values.

Written by Anna Carla Ronchi

Related Posts

Erasmus+: give priority to green skills and the promotion of sustainable development

June 8, 2022

June 8, 2022

In one of the articles on Erasmus+ we answered six questions by touching on the most important aspects. Now, speaking...

Erasmus+: the structured course for Bulgarian teachers on Google Workspace for Education and Interactive Teaching has just ended

July 28, 2022

July 28, 2022

Learning and enhancing the use of innovative teaching methods: this was the key objective of the European Erasmus+ KA1 project...

Erasmus+ in Malaga to discover the biznagueros and the Arab heritage of Spain

June 30, 2022

June 30, 2022

Walking through the wide streets of downtown Malaga, we cannot fail to notice men dressed in white shirts, black pants...

Erasmus+: My experience in Berlin

April 28, 2022

April 28, 2022

About me Hello, my name is Alice and I am a student in the last year of high school at...

An Amarcord and a piadina passing under the Arch of Augustus: when Erasmus+ in Rimini turns into a movie

June 10, 2022

June 10, 2022

According to popular opinion, the city of Rimini evokes many things: sea and sun, fun, sport, food and culture, the...

Éireann, Erin, Ireland: when Erasmus+ in Cork starts with a poem on the River Lee

May 25, 2022

May 25, 2022

William Drennan was an Irish poet and writer who first referred to Ireland as the “Emerald Isle” in his 1795...

Erasmus+ KA2 IPAL project: news from last Transnational Meeting

April 7, 2022

April 7, 2022

The 4th Transnational Meeting of the Erasmus+ KA2 “IPAL – Improving Instructional Practices in Adult Learning and Supporting Adults Trainers’...

Erasmus was born out of a disappointment: Sofia Corradi, from student to Mother Erasmus

January 20, 2020

January 20, 2020

1987: the European Union does not exist yet, the Berlin Wall is still standing and the single currency represents a...

Erasmus+ KA2 IPAL project: it’s time for the third Transnational Meeting.

November 23, 2021

November 23, 2021

On the 3rd and 4th of November, all the partners from Bulgaria, Germany, Italy, and Greece attended the third Transnational...

WISE: the Italian Transnational Meeting of the Erasmus+ KA2 project

February 25, 2022

February 25, 2022

Few days ago the Italian Transnational Meeting of the Erasmus Plus KA2 project “WISE – Woman, Innovative, Successful, Empowered” was...

Erasmus+ KA2 “Skills Act 4 VET” project: in Rome the last Transnational Meeting

March 1, 2022

March 1, 2022

The last Transnational Project Meeting of “Skills Act 4 VET” is taking place these days in Rome. Tribeka, our Spanish...

Berlin, school city of Europe: here you learn how to become global citizens

May 4, 2021

May 4, 2021

The Berlin we know is a city which has set itself free from any stereotypes. Indeed, Berlin is the exact...

Erasmus+: the KA2 Mob4app project has come to an end

November 10, 2022

November 10, 2022

After two years of intense work, the Erasmus+ KA2 Mob4app project has come to an end. The project was designed...

Erasmus+ KA2 “Playing 4 Soft Skills” project: gamification as a pedagogical approach

June 9, 2022

June 9, 2022

Why is non-formal education important? Everyday life and professional activity in the 21st century often require us flexibility, creativity and...

Why is it called Erasmus? Not only after Erasmus of Rotterdam

January 23, 2020

January 23, 2020

Now a word commonly used, Erasmus brings with it an infinite series of meanings that each student has the fascinating...

Comments
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Newsletter